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Anesthesiology Frequently asked Questions
1. What is a cataract?
A condition when the lens in the eye becomes opaque leading to decreased vision.
2. What are the symptoms of cataract?
Blurred or cloudy vision, glare, fading of colours, poor night vision, and frequent prescription changes of glasses, etc.
3. What is the treatment of cataract?
The symptoms of early cataract may be improved with new eyeglasses or brighter lighting, but surgery is the only effective treatment. Surgery involves removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial lens called an intraocular lens, or an IOL. An IOL is a clear, plastic lens that requires no care and becomes a permanent part of your eye. Light is focused clearly by the IOL onto the retina, improving your vision. You will not feel or see the new lens.
4. What is Glaucoma?
In this condition, the pressure inside the eye goes up, damaging the delicate nerve fibers irreversibly & ultimately, the optic nerve, resulting in visual field loss.
5. What are the symptoms of glaucoma?
Unfortunately glaucoma is typically associated with painless and progressive loss of vision that may escape detection by the patient.
6. What is the treatment of glaucoma?
Early detection id the key, hence the need for a thorough eye exam, in addition to glaucoma testing like Humphrey Visual Field Testing Machine, Stereoscopic Digital Optic Disc Photographs, Applanation Tonometry, Gonioscopy and Laser Iridotomy.
7. What is Diabetic Retinopathy?
Diabetic retinopathy results from effects of the diabetes on blood vessels in the retina, the tissue that lines the inner eye. Diabetes causes retinal blood vessels to leak and grow abnormally causing visual loss, if left untreated, blindness.
8. What are the symptoms?
Diabetic retinopathy mostly has no early warning signs. Sometimes, if bleeding occurs, few specks of blood, or spots floating in front of eyes may be seen.
9. What is the treatment?
Fortunately this blindness is avoidable. All you need to do is to have a regular eye examination to detect and treat it at the earliest.
10. How can I give Gift of Sight?
You can perform this miracle by donating your eyes to the PCMC ADITYA JYOT Eye Bank or nearest Eye Bank. Your gift of two eyes will help two blind persons to see.
11. Are the eyes removed only after death?
Yes, the eyes-or the corneal tissue - are removed only after a person"s death. The consent of family members is enough to make an eye donation, even if the donor has not pledged the eyes in his/her lifetime.
12. How urgent is the need for eye donations?
Approximately 2 million people in our country suffer from corneal blindness 60% of those requiring corneal transplant are below the age of 12.Though 1 lac corneal transplants are necessary; only 10,000 surgeries are performed each year.
13. Who can be a donor? Is there an age limit?
Anyone can be an eye donor. Poor eyesight or age makes no difference. However, persons below 18 years of age must have the authorization of their parents or guardians for donating eyes.
14. Do religious authorities approve of donating one’s eyes after death?
Yes, all major religious faiths have given their approval, and support this vital sight restoration program.
15. Does eye donation cause any disfigurement? Does it delay funeral arrangements?
No, only the cornea is removed, not the whole eye ball. So it does not cause any disfigurement, nor does it interfere with funeral arrangements.
16. Are whole eyes transplanted?
No, only the cornea is transplanted. Other portions may be used for vital research.
17. When will eye donation be used?
Eyes should be removed within 6-8 hours of death. The fresh tissue should be used for transplant preferably within three days.
18. How will eye donation be used?
After the eyes are processed by the Eye Bank, they will be supplying to eye surgeons who will transplant the corneal tissue into the eye of a person who is blind because of disease or scarring of the cornea.
No eye is ever wasted. Eyes that, for technical reasons, may not be used for corneal transplants are invaluable for research.
19. Will my family have to pay or be paid for eye donation?
No, it is against medical ethics to buy or sell donated eyes.
20. Must I mention my eye donation in my will?
You can mention your wish to donate your eyes in your will. Your signed and witnessed donor card is all that is needed. You should carry the card at all times. Inform your next of kin, family physician and close relatives of your decision to ensure their cooperation.
21. Can I help the gift of sight program in any other way?
Tell your family and friends about our program. We will gladly supply brochures or any other information and assistance.