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Transfusion Medicine (Blood Bank) Frequently asked Questions
1. What is the blood donation timing at Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital?
You can donate blood round the clock and through the year.
2. Why Donate Blood?
You don’t need a special reason to give blood. You just need your own reason. Some of us give blood because we were asked by a friend. Some know that a family member or a friend might need blood someday. Some believe it is the right thing we do. Whatever your reason, the need is constant and your contribution is important for a healthy and reliable blood supply and you will feel good knowing you have helped save a life
3. What are the Health Benefits of blood donation?
You will receive a mini physical: Pulse, Blood pressure, Body temperature, and Hemoglobin level. You will receive reports of your blood group and screening tests for transfusion transmitted infections (TTIs), like HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Malaria & Syphilis.
4. What is the donation process?
Step 1: Registration - Our staff & volunteers will sign you in & go over basic eligibility & donation information .
Step 2: Mini-physical - You will answer some questions during a private & confidential interview about your health history & we will check your temperature, pulse, blood pressure & hemoglobin level present in a sample of blood.
Step 3: The Donation - The actual donation takes about 8-10 minutes, during which you will be seated comfortably. The process is safe & sterile. Certain donation types, such as platelets, red cells or plasma, can take up to two hours.
Step 4: Refreshment - After donating, you can have a snack & something to drink in the refreshments area. You can leave the site after 10-15 minutes & continue with your normal daily activities “Enjoy the feeling of accomplishment knowing that you have helped save lives.”
5. What are the precautions that donors need to take?
Before blood donation take care to:
    •  Drink an extra four glasses (eight ounces each) of non-alcoholic liquids.
    •  Keep your bandage on and dry for the next five hours, and do not do heavy exercising or lifting.
    •  If the needle site starts to bleed, raise your arm straight up and press on the site until the bleeding stops.
    •  Because you could experience dizziness or loss of strength, use caution if you plan to do anything that could put you or others at risk of
       harm. For any hazardous occupation or hobby, follow applicable safety recommendations regarding your return to these activities
        following a blood donation.
    •  Eat healthy meals and consider adding iron-rich foods to your regular diet, or discuss taking an iron supplement with your health care provider, to replace the iron lost with blood donation.
•  If you get a bruise: Apply ice to the area intermittently for 10-15 minutes during the first 24 hours. Thereafter, apply warm, moist heat to the area intermittently for 10-15 minutes.
•  If you get dizzy or lightheaded: Stop what you are doing, lie down, and raise your feet until the feeling passes and you feel well enough to safely resume activities.
6. In which situations do people generally donate blood?
There are three types of blood donors: -
PROFESSIONAL DONORS – They sell their blood, which can be infectious and can transmit very dangerous diseases to the recipient. It is illegal to take blood from any professional donor.
REPLACEMENT DONATION – Healthy relatives and friends of the patient give their blood, of any group, to the blood bank. In exchange, the required number of units in the required blood group is given.
VOLUNTARY DONATION- Here a donor donates blood voluntarily. The blood can be used for any patient even without divulging the identity of the donor. This is the best type of blood donation where a motivated human being gives blood in an act of selfless service.
7. Is it safe to donate blood and what happens during blood donation?
Donating blood is safe and simple. We use only totally sterile disposable blood bags and needles. The actual donation process works like this:
    •  You will complete a donor registration form that includes your name, address and a few other details.
    •  You will be asked a few questions about your health.
    •  You will go through a simple medical checkup including blood pressure, and pulse.
    •  A drop of blood will be obtained from your finger tip to test for Hemoglobin% and your group
    •  You will proceed to a donor bed where your arm will be cleaned with antiseptic.
    •  During the donation process, you will donate 350ml or 450ml depending on your weight.     •  After the process is over, you will rest for
       about 5 minutes.
    •  Following your donation, you will be given refreshment.

Please, remember to take your donor card
8. Who is a healthy donor?
Any person within the age group of 18-60 years with a body weight as minimum 45 kilograms, and having hemoglobin content as minimum 12.5 gm%
9. Does a donor need to do anything special before donation?
We want your donation experience to be pleasant. Please remember: Eat well-balanced food before you donate. You should not be on an empty stomach. Tell us the name and dosage of any medications you are taking. Medications will not keep you from donating, but the reason for taking them might. If you have taken alcohol within 24hrs you cannot donate.
10. How long does the donation take?
The procedure is done by skilled, specially trained doctors/nurses and takes eight to ten minutes. However, from start to finish (filling form, post donation rest, etc) the entire process should take 30 to 40 minutes.
11. Does the needle hurt the entire time?
There may be a little sting when the needle is inserted, but there should be no pain during the donation.
12. Does the donor suffer from any harmful effects after donating blood donation?
Absolutely not, rather a donor after having given blood voluntarily gets a feeling of great pleasure, peace and bliss. Soon, within a period of 24-48 hours, the same amount of new blood gets formed in the body, which helps the donor in many ways. His own body resistance improves, the circulation improves, and he himself feels healthier than before.
13. Does a donor need to rest after donating blood?
Yes. The donor needs rest, preferably lying down, so that the amount of blood that has been donated soon gets poured into the circulation from the body pools in a natural way. The donor should take it easy for about 10-15 minutes.
14. Can a donor work after donating blood?
Of course! Routine work is absolutely fine after the initial rest. Rigorous physical work should be avoided for a few hours.
15. What special diet should a donor follow after giving blood?
After resting for a while a donor is given some liquid (fluid) to take. It may be a cup of coffee or milk or fruit juice along with a few biscuits or fruit. The donor needs no other special diet. A routine balanced diet is adequate.
16. How long will it take for the body to replenish the blood?
The body replaces blood volume or plasma within 24 hours. Red cells need about 21 days for complete replacement.
17. How frequently a donor can donate blood?
A healthy person can donate after every 90 days. Three months time between donations is a very safe interval.
18. Do any diseases debar a donor from giving blood?
There are many conditions in which we advise not to donate blood. These health conditions could mean that you may not be able to temporarily donate either for a period of 6 months, one year or may also mean that you may never donate blood. These conditions are essential for your safety and also for the safety of those receiving blood. Mentioned below are the deferral conditions.
Permanent Deferral (Life Long):
    •  Abnormal bleeding disorder.
    •  Heart, Kidney, Liver Disorders, Thyroid Disorder
    •  Epilepsy, mental disorders
    •  Tuberculosis, Leprosy
    •  Asthma
    •  Cancer
    •  Insulin dependent diabetics, Uncontrolled High BP.

Temporary Deferral (1 year):
    •  Surgery.
    •  Typhoid.
    •  Dog bite/Rabies Vaccination
    •  Unexplained weight loss.
    •  Continuous low grade fever.
    •  During pregnancy
    •  After delivery

Temporary Deferral
    •  Tattooing or body piercing (6 months)
    •  Dental extraction or root canal treatment (6 months)
    •  Intravenous drug abuse (6 months)
    •  Malaria (3 months)
    •  Vaccination (2 weeks)

For Female Donors:
    •  While lactating.
    •  During menstrual period (6 to 7 days)
19. Are there any other benefits of blood donation?
Yes, blood donation is a noble, selfless service! It gives the donor a feeling of joy and contentment. Also this is an expression of love for Mankind, as blood knows no caste, color, creed, religion or race, country, continent or sex